Portugal is the most south-westerly country in Europe. Portugal is not located on the Mediterranean Sea like the other countries in the southern strip of Europe. Portugal is situated on the Atlantic Ocean. The air temperatures are as you would expect them to be in a warm or temperate Mediterranean climate. What you notice is that the seawater is cooler than that of the Mediterranean Sea and that Portugal has less to do with the heat that you can experience in summer in neighbouring Spain.
The southernmost country on the African continent is aptly named South Africa. Its location between 22 and 34 degrees south latitude ensures quite a large diversity of weather that you can expect there. A large part of South Africa consists of a plateau that lies about a thousand to two thousand metres above sea level. This tempers the temperatures somewhat. The coastal areas, in turn, have to deal with a relatively cool sea current. That is why you find penguins, seals and whales in the wild here. They are perfectly happy with South Africa's climate.
The Czech Republic, located in the centre of Europe, has a mix of almost flat lowlands, hilly landscapes and a number of mountains, which often serve as national borders. The climate of the Czech Republic is mainly a mix of a temperate maritime climate and a temperate continental climate. In the mountains, you will also find the tundra climate at higher altitudes. Because the Czech Republic is in Europe, there are four seasons which are almost equal to our seasons.
Finland is a holiday destination that is popular both in summer and winter. The winter months are especially popular because of the ever-present snow in Finnish Lapland and the chance to see the northern lights. The summer months are ideal for those who want to travel around Finland or make a city trip to for instance Helsinki. Although Finland is partly located by the sea, it has a continental climate. The largest part has a cool continental climate (type Dfc), which is also referred to as a subarctic climate. The southern coastal strip has a temperate continental climate (type Dfb) and in the far north there are areas with a tundra climate (type ET). The best time to travel to Finland depends mainly on your destination.
Hungary is a country located in the central part of Europe and therefore nowhere bordering on a sea or ocean. The lack of influence of seawater ensures a temperate continental climate throughout Hungary. If you look at the climate statistics you will see that the winters are on average on the cool side and the summers are quite warm. What is characteristic for a continental climate, is the capriciousness of the weather. Hot and cold periods can alternate quite rapidly, as can sunshine and rain. Thunderstorms can come quickly in the summer and cause a rather sudden change of weather. This is definitely something to take into account when going on long walks in Hungary or when being active in nature in any other way.